How To Put Out Electric Car Fire?


Electric vehicles are becoming increasingly popular, but what happens when there’s a fire? While electric car fires are rare, they can be dangerous and require specialized knowledge to handle. So, how exactly do you put out an electric car fire?

When it comes to extinguishing electric car fires, it’s crucial to prioritize safety. One of the first steps is to ensure that everyone is a safe distance away from the vehicle. Since electric car fires involve high-voltage systems, it’s essential to contact emergency services right away. Firefighters equipped with the proper training and protective gear are best equipped to handle these situations. In the meantime, it’s advised to keep a safe distance and wait for the professionals to arrive.

How to Put Out Electric Car Fire?

Introduction: Understanding Electric Car Fires

Electric cars are becoming increasingly popular due to their environmental benefits and cost efficiency. However, like any other vehicle, electric cars are not immune to accidents or the risk of fires. While the incidence of electric car fires is relatively low compared to conventional cars, it is crucial to know how to respond effectively if a fire does occur. Understanding the unique characteristics of electric car fires and knowing how to properly extinguish them can potentially save lives and prevent further damage.

In this article, we will explore the key steps to put out an electric car fire safely. We will discuss the common causes of electric car fires, the unique challenges they present, and the appropriate firefighting techniques. By familiarizing yourself with these important details, you will be better prepared to handle an electric car fire situation.

Understanding Electric Car Fires

1. Causes of Electric Car Fires

The causes of electric car fires can vary, but some common factors include:

  • Faulty battery packs
  • Electrical malfunctions
  • Crashes or collisions
  • Overheating
  • Improper charging practices

Electric car fires can occur both during normal operation and while the car is stationary. It is important to remain vigilant and take appropriate precautions to minimize the risk of a fire.

2. Unique Challenges of Electric Car Fires

Electric car fires present unique challenges compared to traditional car fires:

  • High-voltage systems: Electric cars operate at higher voltage levels, increasing the risk of electrical shock for responders.
  • Battery reignition: Electric car batteries can reignite even after a fire has been extinguished, requiring additional precautions.
  • Toxic gases: Electric car fires can release toxic gases, such as hydrogen fluoride and hydrogen cyanide, which can be harmful to both responders and bystanders.
  • Difficulty in accessing battery compartments: Electric car batteries are usually located in protected compartments, making it challenging to access and extinguish the fire source.

Understanding these unique challenges is crucial for implementing effective strategies to extinguish electric car fires safely.

3. Essential Firefighting Equipment

When dealing with an electric car fire, it is essential to have the right firefighting equipment. Here are some important tools and resources:

  • Class C fire extinguishers: These extinguishers are specifically designed for electrical fires and should be readily available.
  • Insulated gloves and tools: Insulated gloves and tools can protect responders from electrical shock.
  • Electrical disconnect devices: These devices can quickly isolate the high-voltage systems, reducing the risk of shock.
  • Thermal imaging cameras: These cameras can detect hidden hotspots and help identify areas that require further attention.

Ensuring that your fire department or emergency response team is well-equipped with these resources is essential for effectively handling electric car fires.

Proper Techniques to Extinguish Electric Car Fires

4. Assess the Situation

When confronted with an electric car fire, assessing the situation is the first step to take:

  • Ensure personal safety: Before approaching the vehicle, prioritize your safety and the safety of others. Assess any hazards, such as downed power lines or hazardous materials.
  • Determine the status of the occupants: Check if anyone is inside the vehicle and provide assistance if needed, prioritizing evacuation.
  • Identify the fire source: Determine the location and extent of the fire to make informed decisions regarding the firefighting approach.

Assessing the situation allows you to gather vital information and create a plan of action tailored to the specific circumstances.

5. Isolate the Vehicle

Before initiating firefighting efforts, it is crucial to isolate the electric vehicle:

  • Turn off the vehicle: If possible, turn off the car’s power supply by following the manufacturer’s instructions or using electrical disconnect devices.
  • Secure the area: Establish a safe perimeter around the vehicle to prevent unauthorized access and potential injuries.
  • Notify the relevant authorities: Contact the appropriate emergency services and inform them about the situation to ensure a coordinated response.

Isolating the vehicle helps minimize the risk of further damage and ensures the safety of both responders and bystanders.

6. Utilize Class C Fire Extinguishers

When attempting to put out an electric car fire, it is essential to use the appropriate fire extinguishers:

Class C fire extinguishers, which are designed for electrical fires, should be utilized. These extinguishers contain non-conductive agents to suppress the fire’s electrical energy and prevent its spread.

When using a fire extinguisher, remember the acronym PASS:

  • P: Pull the pin to unlock the extinguisher.
  • A: Aim the nozzle at the base of the fire.
  • S: Squeeze the handle to release the extinguishing agent.
  • S: Sweep the nozzle from side to side, covering the entire fire area.

Use a sweeping motion rather than a concentrated spray to avoid scattering burning materials.

7. Avoid Water-Based Extinguishers

Avoid using water-based extinguishers or attempting to extinguish an electric car fire with water alone. Water conducts electricity and can increase the risk of electric shock or spread the fire.

Water should be used primarily for cooling adjacent surfaces to prevent the fire from spreading to other areas.

8. Cool the Battery Pack

In an electric car fire, the battery pack is often the primary source of the fire. Cooling the battery pack can help prevent reignition.

Here are some techniques for cooling the battery pack:

  • Use cooling agents: Apply a cooling agent, such as specialized foam or water mist, to the battery pack while maintaining a safe distance.
  • Create a buffer zone: Establish a buffer zone around the vehicle to prevent the fire from spreading to surrounding areas.
  • Monitor battery temperature: Use a thermal imaging camera or non-contact temperature measuring device to monitor the battery pack’s temperature and identify any hotspots.

Continuous cooling is essential to ensure the fire is fully extinguished and to minimize the risk of reignition.

9. Secure the Vehicle and Battery for Investigation

After successfully extinguishing an electric car fire, it is important to secure the vehicle and battery for further investigation:

  • Tow the vehicle: Arrange for the safe removal and transport of the vehicle to a designated location for expert examination and analysis.
  • Isolate the battery pack: Disconnect the high-voltage systems and ensure the battery pack is properly secured to prevent any potential hazards.
  • Document the incident: Take photographs, gather witness statements, and record relevant details to assist in the investigation process.

An investigation is crucial to determine the root cause of the fire and identify any necessary precautions to prevent similar incidents in the future.


Knowing how to put out an electric car fire safely is essential for emergency responders and individuals alike. The unique challenges and characteristics of electric car fires require specific techniques and precautions.

Remember to assess the situation, isolate the vehicle, and utilize class C fire extinguishers designed for electrical fires. Avoid using water-based extinguishers and focus on cooling the battery pack.

By following these guidelines and staying informed about the latest fire safety practices, we can effectively respond to electric car fires and minimize the risks associated with them.

For more information on electric car safety and fire prevention, visit

Key Takeaways: How to Put Out Electric Car Fire?

  • Stay calm and assess the situation.
  • Turn off the car’s power source immediately.
  • Call emergency services and inform them of the situation.
  • Use a fire extinguisher specifically designed for electrical fires, if available.
  • Keep a safe distance and wait for professionals to arrive.

In the event of an electric car fire, it is crucial to prioritize safety and follow these steps:

1. Evacuate: Ensure all occupants are safely out of the vehicle and move a safe distance away.

2. Call for help: Dial emergency services to report the fire and provide the location.

3. Do not attempt to extinguish the fire yourself: Electric car fires are complex and require specialized equipment and knowledge to handle.

4. Keep bystanders away: Warn others to stay clear due to potential hazards like exploding batteries.

5. Follow authorities’ instructions: Once emergency services arrive, cooperate fully and follow their guidance.

Remember, your safety is the top priority when dealing with an electric car fire.

Always evacuate and contact emergency services for assistance.

Ensure you and others keep a safe distance until the situation is under control.

Stay calm and follow the instructions of trained professionals to handle the incident effectively.

By prioritizing safety and seeking professional help promptly, you can minimize the risks associated with electric car fires.


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